Located at the north central portion of the coast of Mindanao, Misamis Oriental is composed of 24 municipalities, a component city and a highly urbanized city, Cagayan de Oro, which is politically independent from the province. The municipality of Magsaysay borders the province on the eastern portion and Lugait on the west.
The municipalities are all along the coastline except for Claveria, which is landlocked. The land is mostly rugged and punctuated by mountain ranges, coastal plains, rivers and valleys. The coastline is irregular, alternated with bays and bordered by sloping lowlands and river valleys between canyons.
A large part of the province enjoy an even rainfall distribution all throughout the year, with little or no dry season while the rest of the municipalities has no very pronounced maximum rain period with a short dry season.
With a population of 748,885 based on the August 2007 survey, it has a 5.03 average household size. Average family income is at Php 7,470.00 and has a labor participation ratio of 71.2%.
Misamis Oriental is part of Region 10, which has the highest regional gross domestic product growth rate at 6.9% in Mindanao in 2006, and the highest savings rate of 16.19%. it is the biggest regional economy in Mindanao, with 27.9% share of the island's total output.
The province has a total agricultural area of 186,534.98(est.) hectares, of which, 177,416 hectares have been prioritized Network of Protected Agriculture and Agri-industrial Development (NPAAD) and 119,778.23 hectares as Strategic Agricultural and Fishery Development Zone (SAFDZ). The three highest commodities are: High Value Commercial Crops (HVCC), grains and livestock
Philippine Sinter Corporation, Pilipinas Kao, Pryce Gases, Fiesta Brands, Asia Brewery, San Miguel Foods, Universal Robina and HOLCIM cement are among the 37 major operational industries within the province. Misamis Oriental also exports the following: crude coco oil, canned pineapple products, fatty alcohol, sintered ore, desiccated coconut, copra expeller, cake meal pellets, milk powder, activated carbon, finished wood products, cold rolled steel sheets. It also imports hot rolled sheets, chemicals, minerals, tin plates, fertilizers, food stuff, live animals, logs, forest products and carton making materials.
There are also many tourist destinations in the province. Being a largely coastal province, it boasts of fine white sand beaches as well as fine gray sand beaches; it also has springs, lakes, falls, caves, wildlife/forest parks, hills, islets.
Eco-tourism is also a major attraction as Canopy Walk in Claveria draws the nature and adventure lovers to try its challenge. Dive resorts similarly draws those who appreciate the beauty and bounty of its dive spots. Another area of eco-tourism interest is currently being developed in Initao and will soon be open to the public. Museums, old municipal and city halls, ancestral homes, churches and shrines which has historical significance are also worth visiting.
A concrete, all-weather, two-and-four lane main highway traverses Misamis Oriental through the Provinces of Agusan and Lanao del Norte. Well-paved asphalt roads connect the Province and Cagayan de Oro City, to the Province of Bukidnon. Davao is similarly accessible via Buda highway passing through scenic Bukidnon. The alternative route is via Butuan City and Agusan del Sur.
Misamis Oriental has an impressive provincial road network which connects various municipalities at the hinterland portion, providing access to products from farms and agricultural areas to markets. As of 2009, the road length totals 1,035 kilometers. It has also 58 bridges with a total length of 1,687 linear meters. There are also several flood control devices strategically constructed in flooding-prone areas.
The main source of power is from NPC hydro-based plants and turbine plans of private companies. A fully operational coal-fired power plant supplies additional power. The following service providers include MORESCO I and II as well as the CEPALCO.
All the major Cellular Mobile Telephone System (CMTS) operates in the province to provide its telecommunications requirements. MISORTEL- the telephone company operated by the Provincial Government of Misamis Oriental, serves Cagayan de Oro, Gingoog and most municipalities of the western side. There are also other landland operators such as Philcom, Telof and Cruztelco, but they are interconnected so that cross-calls are allowed.
There are 12 government-owned ports, one commercial port, nine private ports, one International Container Terminal located at Tagoloan town. While the province also currently relies on the services of Cagayan de Oro's Lumbia airport, the Laguindingan International-Standard airport is undergoing construction and will be operational in 2011.
Misamis Oriental is so strategically located so that it is also considered as the gateway to Mindanao. The continuous rising of Cagayan de Oro's economy, and conversely, the various industries within the province has also boosted and ensured Cagayan de Oro's the Regions's place in contributing to the country's development.
Misamis Oriental, a polished gem indeed.
The photos in this page are mine but the write-up is from a different source.
Article Source: http://www.misamisoriental.ph